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Christian Medical College, Vellore

Overview


Christian Medical College and Hospital, Vellore or CMC Vellore, is one of the largest medical business centres in India. The college is owned and administered by the Christian Medical College Vellore Association which is a Society registered under the Societies Registration Act of India. The Association is made up of 54 churches and other Christian Medical organisations. The Christian Medical College Council, which comprises the members of the Association and other Indian and foreign organisations, governs the CMC Vellore Association.

This century old Christian institution was founded by Ida S. Scudder, and is located in the city of Vellore in the southern state of Tamil Nadu, India.

The idea of starting a hospital came to Ida Sophia Scudder in the late 19th century, when Ida visited her medical missionary father, John Scudder, Jr., at his post in Tamil Nadu. One night, Ida was asked to help three women from different families struggling in difficult childbirth. Custom prevented their husbands from accepting the help of a male doctor and being without training at that time, Ida herself could do nothing. The next morning she was shocked to learn that each of the three women had died. She believed that it was a calling and a challenge set before her by God to begin a ministry dedicated to the health needs of the people of India, particularly women and children. Consequently, Ida went back to America, entered medical training and, in 1899, was one of the first women graduates of the Weill Medical College of Cornell University;

Shortly thereafter, she returned to India and opened a one-bed clinic in Vellore in 1900. In 1902, she built a 40-bed hospital. In 1909, she started the School of Nursing, and in 1918, a medical school for women was opened under the name Missionary Medical School for Women. The medical school was upgraded into a university affiliated medical college granting the degree of M.B.B.S. in 1942, under the name Christian Medical College. Men were admitted to this college in 1947, ten in a class of 35.

In addition to the medical and nursing schools that she founded, Dr. Ida frequented outlying villages and started a roadside dispensary in 1916. Over the years, these roadside dispensaries were upgraded into rural health and development programs.

The hospital now caters to 5500 outpatients, 2500 inpatients, 75 surgical procedures, 22 clinics, and about 30 births every day. CHAD, CONCH, and RUHSA workers go to the villages and rural areas to raise awareness of disease prevention, health care and community empowerment.

The Christian Medical College is a referral tertiary care hospital. CMC graduates stay on to work in hospitals affiliated to the Christian Medical Association of India.

Admissions


The college within its affiliation to the TN Dr MGR Medical University, Chennai offers degree courses in Medicine (MBBS), Nursing (BSc), Physio-therapy (BPT), Occupational Therapy (BOT) and in Medical Laboratory Technology (BSc).

There is no NRI quota in the college. All admissions are only on the basis of merit, taken overall, in an entrance examination, other tests and interviews.

All candidates from India or abroad with qualifications other than the 'Plus Two Examination of Higher Secondary Board' of Tamilnadu State should obtain an Eligibility Certificate from the TN Dr. M.G.R. Medical University, Chennai 600 032, Tamilnadu, in order to be eligible for admission. Only candidates who qualify the written test will be called for the interviews.

Non-Indian nationals will have to obtain a 'No Objection Certificate' from the Government of India by applying through the Principal/Dean of the College to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, Nirman Bhavan, New Delhi - 110 001.

MBBS

Application form and Prospectus for the MBBS course can be obtained for a fee from the Registrar, Christian Medical College, Vellore, 632 002, Tamilnadu, India. You can correspond by postal mail or by email on registrar@cmcvellore.ac.in



There is an application fee which can be sent as a demand draft, payable at Vellore to the CMC Vellore Association Account. Application forms for the degree courses will be available from mid-February of the year until around early April for the sessions beginning in July. For medical post-graduate training, forms are available September to October and the program starts in March. Please check with the admission calendar for details.

Eligibility for Admission to the MBBS course

1. Candidates should have passed the qualifying equivalent to 10+2 Higher Secondary Examination after a period of 12 years of study, the last two years of study comprising of Physics, Chemistry and Biology with English. A candidate for admission to “medical course” “must have 60%* marks at +2 level in each of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (or Botany and Zoology taken together) and have an aggregate of 140/200 in these subjects, both at qualifying and competitive examinations and should have passed in English”. (*60% in each and 130/200 aggregate for BC, 55% in each and 120/200 aggregate for MBC, and 40% in each and 80/200 aggregate for SC/ST candidates). (BC, MBC, SC/ST as defined by the TN Government; all rules subject to change as per State & University guidelines) Candidates should have passed in all subjects of the qualifying examination of the Higher Secondary Certificate Examination (Academic) conducted by the Tamil Nadu State Board or any other equivalent examination in one and the same attempt in the subjects.
2. Candidates should have completed the age of 17 years at the time of admission or should complete the said age on or before 31st December of the said year.

PG and Higher Speciality Courses

Applications are invited in September for post-graduate courses and in March for Higher Specialty (HS) courses.

Selection to Christian Medical College Vellore is based on performance in an entrance examination, clinical and interview. The examination consists of a variety of multiple choice questions, distributed in all disciplines of Medicine. You may also apply online through links from the CMC website.

All foreign students require after selection a "No Objection Certificate" from the Secretary, Government of India, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Nirman Bhavan, New Delhi 110 021.

Diploma, M.D. and M.S. Courses

Eligibility for Admission

MBBS + 1 year internship + Medical Council Registration.

Duration of courses

Two years for Diploma, three years for M.D. & M.S. courses.

Higher Speciality D.M. & M.Ch. Courses

Eligibility for Admission

MBBS + 1 year internship + Medical Council Registration in the case of M.Ch. Neurosurgery 6 year course.

MBBS + 1 year internship + MD/MS + Medical Council Registration, for all other higher specialty courses.

Duration of D.M./M.Ch. courses

3 years (except Neurosurgery 6 year course directly after MBBS)

Departments


• Accident and emergency
• Anaesthesia
• Anatomy
• Bioengineering
• Biostatistics
• Cardiology
• Cardiothoracic surgery
• Child health
• Clinical biochemistry
• Clinical epidemiology
• Clinical microbiology
• Clinical pharmacology
• Clinical virology
• Community health and development
• Cytogenetics
• Dental and oral surgery
• Dermatology
• Developmental paediatrics
• Diagnostic radiology and imaging
• Electrical
• E.n.t
• Endocrinology
• Family medicine
• Forensic medicine
• Gastroenterology
• General pathology
• Geriatrics
• Haematology
• Hlrs - hand & leprosy reconstructive surgery
• Lcecu
• Medical genetics
• Medical oncology
• Medicine
• Neonatology
• Nephrology
• Neurosciences
• Nuclear medicine
• Obstetrics and gynaecology
• Ophthalmology
• Orthopaedics
• Paediatric surgery
• Physiology
• Plastic surgery
• Physical medicine rehabilitation
• Psychiatry
• Public relations office
• Pulmonary medicine
• Radiotherapy
• Reproductive medicine
• Respiratory medicine
• Rheumatology
• Ruhsa
• Staff student health service
• Centre for stem cell research
• Transfusion medicine and immunohaematology
• Surgery
• Urology

Courses


The MBBS Course

The MBBS course is of four and a half year's duration and is followed by one year of Compulsory Rotating Residential Internship. The course begins with a short foundation course exposing students to basic principles of Communication, Ethics and Problem Based Learning. The Undergraduate course in Medicine comprises of three stages. The first stage of 12 months duration consists of the basic sciences of Anatomy, Physiology and Biochemistry. The next stage is of 18 months duration and comprises Clinical and para-clinical subjects - Pharmacology, Pathology, Microbiology and Forensic Medicine.

The last stage is of 24 months duration and covers Ophthalmology, Oto-rhinolaryngology, Community Medicine, General Medicine, Paediatrics, Surgery, Orthopaedic Surgery and Obstetrics & Gynaecology.

A block posting in Community Health is an integral part of each stage. Posting in mission hospitals and secondary care centres is a unique feature of medical education. The internship lasting for 12 months comprises of postings in Community Health, Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Child Health, Orthopaedics, Casualty and short electives in various specialities. All these are as per the guidelines of the Medical Council of India.

Research


The Christian Medical College, Vellore has its grounding in research from the work started by Dr. Ida Sophia Scudder, its founder. Over the past century, CMC has contributed significantly not only to the provision of health care to the poor and needy but also in generating and advancing knowledge to improve the provision of curative and preventive services to the people and to the nation.

Research is an integral part of the vision and the mission of CMC. Research at the institution has been oriented to areas of need and emphasizes application of knowledge to relevant problems. The inculcation of an attitude of inquiry, acquisition of knowledge of the mechanisms of research and the conduct of research, at various levels of involvement in health care, are encouraged in faculty and students.

Research is the key to excellence in academic medicine, but the conduct of research is frequently misunderstood as requiring both skills and resources not available to the practicing clinician. Defining research as a systemic investigation in order to contribute to generalizable knowledge makes it clear that research can be conducted in any environment and with minimal resources. Some forms of research, particularly in the basic and applied sciences, do require significant investments and CMC has been fortunate to obtain substantial grant funding to be able to support research in a wide range of some basic and substantial clinical and translational medicine.

Campus


The hospital campus is situated in the middle of Vellore town while the college campus situated at Bagayam, 7 km away from the hospital. All medical students live in hostels on the college campus in Bagayam. The pre-clinical subjects are taught at the college campus. In addition, on the college campus, there are 3 patient care units - the Community Health Department which runs the 80-bed CHAD hospital, the Rehabilitation Institute for physically handicapped persons and the Mental Health Centre, which is CMC's Department of Psychiatry, and which includes a training centre for mentally retarded children.

All other clinical departments are on the hospital campus in Vellore town, except for the Ophthalmology Department which is located at the Schell Eye Hospital on a separate campus 2km.south of the main hospital, and RUHSA (Rural Unit for Health and Social Affairs), a comprehensive integrated rural health and development project located 20 miles northwest of Vellore.

Notable Alumni


• M Mohan Rao, recipient Member of Order of Australia, did the first Kidney Transplant in India
• A P Pandey, recipient of Padmashree
• Bimal Bachhawat (1962), recipient of Bhatnagar Prize
• Avadhesha Surolia, biologist and Director, National Institute of Immunology, India.
• Jayaraman Gowrishankar (1997), recipient of Bhatnagar Prize
• Daleep S Mukharji, recipient of B C Roy Award, OBE, Director of Christian Aid.
• Dayalan Devanesan, recipient of Order of Australia
• George M Chandy, recipient of B C Roy Award
• Ganesh Gopalakrishnan, recipient of B C Roy Award
• Binayak Sen, paediatrician, public health specialist, human rights leader, Chhattisgarh, India. Recipient of Jonathan Mann Award.
• Rajnikanth Arole, public health specialist, Jamkhed, India - Magsaysay Award winner
• Ajit Varki, medical researcher. Director Glycobiology Institute , UCSD
• Thomas Thomas, the first Indian cardio-thoracic surgeon.
• Ashok Venkitaraman, Ursula Zoellner Professor of Cancer Research, University of Cambridge
• Sudi Devanesen, physician and health educator in Canada, Recipient of "Order of Canada"
• Jessie Harry Michael, R.N., R.M., Nurse
• Harry Thangaraj, Assistant Director of the MIHR http://www.mihr.org/index.php/?q=node/view/2 Oxford
• Belai Habte-Jesus, MD, MPH Global Foundation for Transparency and Accountability
• Dr. David V. Rajan, arthroscopic surgeon and former president, Indian Arthroscopy Society
• Dr. Chitra Bharucha, Member of BBC Trust, MBE recipient
• Shiv Pillai, immunologist, Harvard Medical School
• Paul Gunachander, orthopedic surgeon.
• Jones Kurian, Pain Medicine Consultant Director, Pain Relief Solutions, Innomed Ltd
• Margarete Kurian, ophthalmologist, Augenarztpraxis Nawgiri, Ludwigsburg, Germany
• Dr.P Venkata Ramesh, Principal Secretary H&FW , government of Andhra Pradesh

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