All India Institute of Medical Sciences
AIIMS is considered as one of the most prestigious medical colleges in India and is globally recognized for providing low-cost medical care to a large number of patients. AIIMS is located in Ansari Nagar in south Delhi. It is adjacent to the South Extension-II market, and lies on the south-eastern quadrant of Aurbindo Marg and Inner Ring Road crossing.
Creating a centre for excellence in medical sciences that would set the pace for medical education and research in Southeast Asia was part of Nehru’s dream. With whole-hearted support from his Health Minister Rajkumari Amrit Kaur and a generous grant from the government of New Zealand, the foundation stone of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) was set up in 1952.
It was established as an institute of national importance by an act of the Indian parliament with the objective of developing a strong curriculum and teaching guidelines for education in all branches of medicine in India. AIIMS seeks to achieve a high standard of medical education in India and to bring together in one place educational facilities of the highest order so as to attain self-sufficiency in good quality post-graduate medical education.
AIIMS has been consistently ranked the top medical college in India to pursue an MBBS degree by India Today in annual surveys starting in 1997. AIIMS has held the top slot for the last six years in a row, and has been ranked first for 11 out of the 12 years that India Today has conducted the survey. Several surveys by The Week and Outlook magazines have also named AIIMS the best hospital in India overall, as well as the best in several individual fields such as Cardiology, Neurology, Gastroenterology, Gynaecology and Ophthalmology, ahead of several specialised institutions.
Every year AIIMS accepts 72 Indian students based on the results of an all-India entrance examination for its undergraduate M.B.B.S program. The number of students who take the entrance exam every year varies from 80,000 to 100,000. The acceptance rate for admission to the undergraduate course (medical school) is thus 72/90000 i.e. 0.08%.
Five international students (nominated by Government of India from SAARC nations) complete the class size of 77. AIIMS also specializes in paramedical and basic science training for its undergraduates. AIIMS is one of the few institutions where the faculty-student ratio is actually the reverse of the norm, i.e. there are more faculty members than students.
B.Sc. (Hons.) in Ophthalmic Technique/ Medical Technology in Radiography
Admission to the B.Sc. (Hons) courses is also done on the basis of separate entrance examinations.
The entry is through a nationwide competitive examination held every six months. Each year nearly 50 thousand medical graduates across the country compete for the limited number of positions, approximately, less than 1% of the candidates are admitted through the process- making it one of the most difficult tests.
• Biomedical Engineering
• Centre for Community Medicine
• College of Nursing
• Dermatology & Venereology
• Endocrinology, Metabolism & Diabetes
• Finance Division
• Forensic Medicine
• Gastroenterology and Human Nutrition
• Gastrointestinal Surgery
• Hospital Administration
• Laboratory Medicine
• Nuclear Medicine
• Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging
• Obstetrics and Gynaecology
• Paediatric Surgery
• Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
• Radio Diagnosis
• Reproductive Biology
• Surgical Disciplines
• Transplant Immunology & Immunogenetics
• Transfusion Medicine (Blood Bank)
• Cardio-Thoracic Sciences Centre
• Centre for Dental Education and Research
• Neurosciences Centre
• Dr. R.P Centre for Ophthalmic Sciences
• Dr. B.R.A Institute-Rotary Cancer Hospital
• National Drug Dependence Treatment Center
• Jai Prakash Narayan Apex Trauma Center
• M.B.B.S. (Annual intake of 77 students)
• M.D./M.S. (Annual intake of around 217-220 students in 24 disciplines)
• D.M./M.Ch. (in 12 and 5 disciplines respectively)
• B.Sc. (Hons.) in Optometry/Radio-diagnosis (Annual intake of 14 and 9 students in each discipline respectively)
• B.Sc. (Hons.) in Nursing (Annual intake of 70 students in BSc Nursing)
• B.Sc. in Nursing (post-certificate)
• M.Sc. in Anatomy, Biochemistry, Biophysics, Pharmacology and Physiology
• M.Sc. in Urology Technology, Perfusion Technology & Nuclear Medicine
• M.Sc. in Nursing
• Ph.D. in 47 disciplines.
At AIIMS research is not just a routine activity but rather a mission with three objectives. As anywhere else, the primary purpose of research is to gratify curiosity by disciplined activity, thereby leading to creation of new knowledge. But at AIIMS, the role research can play in improving the quality of teaching is well-known. A teacher engaged in research is up to date with recent information, and can also inculcate a spirit of enquiry and freedom of thought into his/her students. Finally, research at AIIMS is a part of their national endeavour to cultivate a scientific temper and to eliminate from our society the way of authority and superstition.
Research at AIIMS is a part of their national endeavour to cultivate a scientific temper and to eliminate from our society the sway of authority and superstition. While AIIMS attracts sizeable grants from national and international agencies, the Institution itself also offers modest research grants. The grants are sanctioned after the projects submitted have been screened by a Committee and are primarily meant to initiate the junior faculty into research. Thus, other things being equal, preference is given to younger application. After an investigator has made some progress, he or she can apply for bigger grants from other agencies.
There is a wide variety of research performed at AIIMS. On one hand, sophisticated investigations are done in the neurosciences, in genetics and on computer simulation of hormone-receptor interaction. On the other hand, clinical and epidemiological studies on the prevention and treatment of national health problems are undertaken. Also, efforts are being made to apply advanced techniques such as DNA recombinant technology, immunology and electron microscopy to study the common diseases in our country such as leprosy, malaria, tuberculosis, diabetes, diarrhoea, hepatitis, fluorosis and iodine deficiency. They have large internationally funded programmes on goals-oriented research in reproduction aimed at widening the variety of acceptable contraceptives. The scientific publications emanating from the Institute have been quite steady at about 2 publications per faculty member per year. About half of these publications are in journals covered by the Science Citation Index. During the 8 year period from 1980-88, AIIMS topped the list of medical colleges in India with (mean ± SD) 237.5 ± 37.3 Science Citation index-listed publications per year (Reddy et al. Natl Med J India 1991; 4: 90-92).During the 7 year period from 1987-94, AIIMS topped the list of institutions engaged in medical research in India with 1630 Medline-listed publications (Arunachalam. Current Science 1997; 72:912-922).
The quality and range of research at AIIMS may be judged from the following highly selected assortment of some thrust areas.
Control of Diarrheal disease
In 1980s, 40% of paediatric beds in hospitals were occupied by cases of diarrheal dehydration. In 1997 it is difficult to find such a case even for demonstration in many parts of India. Basic, applied and operational research done at AIIMS has played a pivotal role in achieving this transformation. Recently development has been made in two types of super oral dehydration solutions based on amino concentration.
WHO will formally introduce this new formulation in the Global Diarrheal Disease Control Programme this year. AIIMS has developed an algorithm for the treatment of persistent diarrhoea, which the WHO introduced in the Global Diarrheal Disease Control Programme in 1994. The bacterium responsible for 50% of the cases of persistent diarrhoea has been discovered at AIIMS and provisionally named Enteroaggregative E.coli. AIIMS research on the role of zinc deficiency in diarrheal disease was cited by the "Time Magazine" in 1996 as good news for child health.
Rotavirus was demonstrated at AIIMS to be the major cause of diarrheal disease. Now a rotavirus vaccine has been prepared in collaboration with the Department of Biotechnology, which is ready for phase-1 trials to be started this year.
Early and sure diagnosis of tuberculosis
AIIMS has developed a PCR test for the diagnosis of tuberculosis. The test, which is especially useful for extrapulmonary tuberculosis, gives the diagnosis within 24-48 hours of receiving the sample in contrast with conventional tests which take 6-8 weeks.
Contributions of AIIMS towards research on this dreaded disease include:
• Development of an anti-leprosy vaccine which is undergoing trials in Kanpur district.
• Trials of interferon in the treatment of leprosy.
• Use of DNA technology to identify genes of diagnostic significance.
• Development of tests that identify patients at risks of developing life-threatening reactions.
By using modern DNA technologies at AIIMS, it has now become possible for the first time in India to study the strains of the parasite responsible for an epidemic.
HIV Diagnostic test
AIIMS has developed indigenously a highly sensitive and specific ELISA system for detecting HIV antibodies. It costs less than half the imported test kits, and has detected many early cases which the imported kits could not. AIIMS has developed indigenously a highly sensitive and specific ELISA system for detecting HIV antibodies. It costs less than half the imported test kits, and has detected many early cases which the imported kits could not. AIIMS has been one of the Reference Centres for HIV/AIDS since 1986, and the National HIV Reference Centre since 1992.
Research To Control Liver Disease
Epidemiological, clinical and basic research at AIIMS has assessed the magnitude of the problem, led to the development of an indigenous diagnostic test and a candidate vaccine, and a diagnostic assay system for screening blood donors for hepatitis C virus.
Diagnostic Test For Plague
AIIMS was the first place in the world to use PCR on formalin fixed autopsy material to detect and confirm plague during the1994 outbreak. They have cloned, sequenced and expressed the f1 and pla genes of Yersinia pestis which are immunoreactive. These are being used for developing a serological test for plague.
Iodine Deficiency Disorders
AIIMS has defined the effect of iodine deficiency on growth and development, specially the role of thyroxine in brain development in human fetuses. Laboratory and field studies done at AIIMS paved the way for the 'Universal Salt Iodization Programme of the Government of India in 1986.Our Contributions to control of iodine deficiency extend to Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Maldives, Indonesia, Thailand and several countries of Africa and the middle east.
Much of the research that has been carried out in the last 25 years towards the development of an anti-human chronic gonadotropin (hCG) vaccine began with research initially carried out at AIIMS.
Post-Coital and Post-Ovulatory Contraception
Basic Research on the endocrine and paracrine mechanisms in embryo implantation of pregnancy and the development of post-coital and post-ovulatory contraceptives. AIIMS Primate Implantation Biology Laboratory has been recognized as a non-US Centre for Contraceptive Research and Development Programme of the Andrew Mellon Foundation and is also one of the 13 such Centres in the world supported on a long-term basis by the Rockefeller Foundation.
Exploration Of Antarctica
AIIMS has been participating in India's efforts at exploration of Antarctica since 1990.Besides providing health care to members of the expedition, AIIMS has also been using the opportunity to conduct research on chronobiology of the human organism, physiological responses to the stress of the hostile Antarctic environment, and performance under the harsh and lonely conditions prevailing in Antarctica.
Dr. B.B Dikshit Library
The library, named after the first Director of the Institute, is a treasure house having 61423 books, 53547 journals and 14008 reports in the field of Biomedical Sciences. The library receives 490 journals and 80 newsletters every year. The library is open to the readers from 8 a.m. to 2 a.m seven days a week. The Library has a computer facility, a microfilm library reader and reader-printer facility The rich and efficient is a potent force for energizing our research activities.
The Institute has comprehensive facilities for teaching, research and patient-care. Some of the facilities include
• B.B Dikshit Library
The information needs of the faculty members, students and research workers are met by the library which came into existence in 1957 and grew parallel to the development of the Institute. Originally accommodated on the ground floor of the pre-clinical block, this library was shifted to its present premises in 1973 and was named as Dr. B.B. Dikshit Library after the name of the founder director of the Institute.
The Library building consists of two floors with a carpet area of 27000 square feet and seating capacity of 300 persons. Because of the unique contribution made by Dr. John F. Fulton, Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, Maj. Gen. Amir Chand and AIIMSONIANS of America, four different sections of the library have been named after them. For the benefit of the undergraduate medical students, a benevolent donation made by a philanthropist has made possible the setting of a Book Bank. Since August, 2003 the library remains open round the clock, seven days a week including Sundays and holidays except national holidays. Its present collection consists of 71844 books, 66825 bound journals, 5309 thesis and 17034 pamphlets. The library is currently subscribed to 957 journals (Print + Online). The library has been using Bar Code Technology for Issue & Return of Books and Electro Magnetic Security System for anti-theft of books. The Wi-Fi Internet Network Facility has been also providing by the library for accessing to e-journals/e-books in the library.
• Central Animal Facility
It maintains animals for experiments
• Computer Facility
The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) was established in New Delhi, India in 1956 through as an institution of national importance to serve as a nucleus for development of excellence in all aspects of health care system in India.
Computer Facility was created in the institute in 1978 as unit in the Department of Biophysics. At the point, computerization was on a small scale and was catering only to Biophysics. In 1987, the institute decided to augment the facility and Computer Facility was created and became operational in full scale in Jan'1989. This facility is engaged in teaching, research, thesis guidance and computerization of patient care activities.
• Central Workshop
The Central Workshop was established at All India Institute of Medical Sciences in 1964,to promote World Class Biomedical Equipments for repair and maintenance in India, under Colombo Plan by the Australian Govt. The training was given to the Central Workshop staff in Australia.
The personnel were trained in different discipline such as: -
1. Glass Blowing
2. Electroplating & Painting
5. Mechanical (fitter, Turner & Tool Maker)
7. Fine Instrument
8. Carpentry & Jointer
Apart from the routine work of repair and fabrication of different requirements, the Central Workshop was also assigned WHO Project India 0199 to train technicians for medical equipment’s maintenance under the project of CWS through WHO & UNICEF. Central Workshop has trained 206 trainees from different State Hospitals in India and the under developed countries in South East Asia such as Srilanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan & Burma.
This department is headed by Faculty Coordinator, Dr. Shashi Kant, (Prof. Center for Community Medicine department) and currently under the control of Mr. Adarsh Kumar Sharma (Chief Technical Officer). Actual work of this department is repair & maintenance of the machineries, equipments, furniture & tools being used for patient’s care. Fabrication works for the purpose of research in medical education are also carried out here.
E.H.S. (Dept. of Family Medicine) was established on pattern of Central Govt. Health Services at AIIMS to take care of preventive, promotive and curative aspects of health care of institute employees and their dependents.
The out patient care is taken care by a team of doctors. There is an injection room, dressing room, treatment room and a day care room. In the day care room patients undergoing short medical and surgical procedures are kept under observation. For the indoor patients of EHS there are 52 beds spread across different wards Year- marked for them. There are private rooms which are also ear marked for these patients.
• Electron Microscope Facility
The Electron Microscope (EM) laboratory was established in the year 1971 in the Department of Anatomy of All India Institute of Medical Science (AIIMS). Recognizing the contribution of the laboratory and the need for the ultrastructural investigations, the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India established a Regional Electron Microscope facility in 1983 at AIIMS under its RSIC/SIF program. This center is presently known as Sophisticated Analytical Instrument Facility (SAIF) – AIIMS, New Delhi, under the SAIF Program of DST.
• K.L. Wig CMET
To promote faculty development and to prepare learning resource material.
• Medical Social & Welfare Services
• National Poisons Information Centre
The NPIC was set up in the Department of Pharmacology in 1995 at AIIMS. The Centre functions round-the-clock, 365 days in year and provides information on various poisonings and treatment protocols on telephone, Fax, e-mail and in person. The NPIC has the back-up of latest literature on poisoning due to a variety of products that include household items, agricultural and industrial chemicals, drugs, environmental toxins including plants, animal bites and stings and other miscellaneous products. The data received by Centre is compiled and analysed for knowing the trend.
• Organ Retrieval Banking Organisation
• Patent Cell
A Patent Cell has been set up to facilitate the processing and filing of patents by inventors working at AIIMS.
• Stem Cell Facility
Stem Cell Facility, AIIMS came into existence in 2005. The facility is created to initiate Clinical and Basic Research in the emerging field of Stem Cells. The Department of Biotechnology, Govt. of India is also supporting this facility to emerge as a Centre of Excellence for Stem Cell Research : Basic and Translational (DBT COE - CSCR: BT).The Facility caters to the need of the Cell Based Therapies for various degenerative disorders which include Heart Muscle Cells Regeneration, Occular Surface Reconstruction, Peripheral Vascular Disease, Stroke, Myocardial Infarct, Dialated Cardiomyopathy, Non-union Fracture, Extra Hepatic Biliary Atresia and Spina bifida. It is also involved in Cord Blood Banking, which is a Central in-house Facility.
Apart from this it is also involved in Basic Stem Cell Research in area such as Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Corneal Epithelial Stem Cells, Epidermal Stem Cells, Cancer Stem Cells and Stem Cells Tissue Engineering. various aspects of stem cell biology is being investigated to better understand their clinical impact, such as their differentiation potential, marker expression profile and signaling pathway.
• Telemedicine Facility
Telemedicine is an emerging field in healthcare arising out of the synergistic convergence of Information Technology with Medical Science having enormous potential in meeting the challenges of healthcare delivery to rural and remote areas besides several other applications in education, training and management in health sector. It may be as simple as two health professionals discussing medical problems of a patient and seeking advice over a simple telephone to as complex as transmission of electronic medical records of clinical information, diagnostic tests such as E.C.G., radiological images etc. and carrying out real time interactive medical video conference with the help of IT based hardware and software, video-conference using broadband telecommunication media provided by satellite and terrestrial network. Telemedicine in India is at a nascent stage and AIIMS has taken a lead to take it to higher glory.
Hostels and Campus Life
AIIMS is a residential university where the faculty members, staff and students live on either the main campus or one of the several campuses which form a part of the Institution. There are five hostels for men undergraduate students (Hostel No.1-5) and a single hostel available for women undergraduate students (Hostel 10). These six hostels together can accommodate 850 students. For Post-graduate students, there are three hostels available for the men students and married couples(Hostel No.6-8) and a single hostel for the women students(Hostel No.9). Additional hostels for Nursing students and Post-graduate students are available at a facility in the Masjid Moth area, situated near to the main AIIMS campus. Hostels for MBBS/ MD / nursing students are also located at Ballabgarh, Dayalpur and Chainsa used during Ballabgarh posting.
The limitation of class size ensures a close-knit student community. The student body is predominantly male, with men forming approximately 80% of every batch. Hostel life centres around the Quadrangle in the Gents' hostel, where most students can be seen lounging or studying.
AIIMS has a cosmopolitan student body, owing to its location in the national capital, as well as its countrywide reputation. Students from Malaysia, Indonesia, Nepal, Bhutan, Afghanistan, Mauritius and other nations add some of their own flavor. Exchange students from several Indian and international medical schools also mix with the existing crowd. The students are represented by the AIIMS Students' Union, headed by an executive committee that is elected every year from students of 4th year.
Students of AIIMS involve themselves in extra-academic movements, including Pulse, the annual, inter-college festival hosted by AIIMS. Pulse is easily India's largest medical fest, with daily attendance ranging from 5000 to 15000. A large, well-equipped students' gym, swimming pool and courts for tennis, basketball, volleyball, squash and soccer provide ample recreational opportunities. Prayatna is a student organization that arranges blood donation camps for the fulfillment of perpetual shortage of blood at the AIIMS blood bank.
Notable Faculty and alumni
• Professor P. Venugopal, Padma Bhushan. Apart from being one of the longest-serving doctors at the institute, he is also credited with being the first Indian to perform a heart transplant.
• Prof. Ramesh C. Deka (Current Director), AIIMS
• Prof. A. S. Paintal, Internationally renowned Physiologist.
• Dr Pankaj Jay Pasricha, Chief,Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology,Stanford School of Medicine.
• Professor J. N. Pande (Former Head of Dept. of Medicine)
• Professor Emeritus Prakash Chandra, Padma Shri, B. C. Roy Awardee, founder editor of The Indian Journal of Orthopaedics; conceived the project of Centralised Services for Trauma and Accidents in Delhi, initiated undergraduate B.Sc. (Honours) courses in Human Biology and Nursing .
• Professor G. P. Talwar
• Dr Sudhir k Gupta MNAMS,Additional Professor Forensic Medicine & Toxicology,Advisory member Asia Pacific Association of Medical Toxicology for Penang,Malaysia.
• Professor V. Ramalingaswami (Former Director), Padma Vibhushan, first Director-General of Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)
• Professor Samiran Nundy, Padma Shri, Former Head of Dept. of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Founder of The National Medical Journal of India
• Prof. Suneeta Mittal, Eminent Surgeon, a compassionate teacher, pioneer in field of research and public health for the welfare of women. She is presently the HOD of Obstetrics & Gynecology, and Director in Charge WHO-CCR in Human Reproduction, and Chief of IVF Facility at AIIMS.
• Dr. S. N. Mehta (Former Head of Dept. of Surgery) Senior Consultant, Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals
• Dr. K. S Reddy, Padma Bhushan, Head of Public Health Foundation of India, Head of the Prime Minister of India's Medical Team
• Prof. T.P.Singh, (Distinguished Biotechnologist, DBT)
• Dr. Deepak Chopra (popular spiritual Guru)
• Dr. Sanjeev Chopra (Dean of CME, Harvard Medical School)
• Dr. Abul K. Abbas (Chair Pathology Dept. UCSF, Author or Abbas Immunology, Editor of Robbins' Pathology 7th edition)
• Professor Vinay Kumar (Chair Pathology Dept. Pritzker School of Medicine, University of Chicago, Editor of Robbins' Pathology 7th edition)
• Dr. Anoop Misra - Director and Head, Department of Diabetes and Metabolism, Fortis Group of Hospitals, Padma Shri
• Dr. Neerja Bhatla - Editor of Jeffcoat's Principles of Gynaecology
• Dr. Ramesh Kaul, Pulmonologist and Founding chairman of American Journal of Biomedical Research
• Dr. Anil Aggrawal, Forensic Pathologist, and editor of Anil Aggrawal's Internet Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology [Studied for M.D. in Forensic medicine from 1979 till 1982]
• Dr. A. K. Hemal, Padma Shri
• Prof MC Mishra, HOD Surgical Disciplines and Chief, Trauma Center.
• Dr. N. P. Gupta, Padma Shri
• Dr. Randeep Guleria, Physician to the Prime Minister of India, noted Pulmonologist
• Dr. Sandeep Guleria, ex Surgeon- ( Former Sub-Dean - AIIMS, Secretory- Indian Society of Organ Transplant)- noted Transplant surgeon ( now in Apollo hospital)
• Dr. K. K Talwar, former Professor in Dept. of Cardiology, present Director of PGIMER Chandigarh
• Dr. Maharaj K. Bhan - Professor of Pediatrics, presently on deputation as Secretary, Department of Biotechnology, Government of India
• Dr. V. S. Mehta - Padam Shri, Former head of department, Neurosurgery, and Chief- Neurosciences Centre. Presently Director of Neurosciences, Paras Hospitals, Gurgaon, Haryana, India.
• Dr. P. N. Tandon, Former head of department of Neurosurgery at AIIMS. Founder President of National Brain Research Centre, Manesar, Haryana.
• Prof. Purushottam Upadhyaya - Former Chief of Paediatric Surgery at AIMMS. Founder of AIIMS Department of Paediatric Surgery. Performed the first successful separation of conjoined twins in India.
• Dr. A. K. Banerji. Former head of department of Neurosurgery, AIIMS. Former head of Neurosciences at VIMHANS Hosptial, New Delhi.
• Dr. B. S. Narang, Professor of Pathology and Biochemistry. Honored by establishment of Dr. B.S. Narang Memorial Prize awarded to the Best Undergraduate in Biochemistry at AIIMS
• Dr. Abhimanyu Garg, Professor of Internal Medicine, Chief of Human Nutrition and Metabolic Diseases, pioneer in lipodystrophy research, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
• Dr Mandeep Bajaj, Endocrinology, Baylor college of Medicine
• Dr Paresh Dandona, Chief of Endocrinology, University of Buffalo, NY
• Dr Arun Sanyal, AASLD president, Chief of Gastroenterology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond
• Dr. B.Saikia ,Professor of Medicine ,Weill Cornell Medical College,Division of Cardiology,NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell
• Dr. Atchuthanand Budi, Pediatrician and Neonatologist Johns Hopkins Hospital
• Dr K.K Handa , Director ENT and Head Neck Surgery , Medanta Medicity , Gurgaon , NCR Delhi